"The History of Women"

"The History of Women" is a silk painting created by Gu Kaizhi of the Eastern Jin Dynasty in China. The original work has been lost. There is a copy from the Tang Dynasty. There are 12 original sections. Due to the age, there are only 9 remaining sections. They were painted on silk and are now in the British Museum.
Today, I will interpret the treasures of the Chinese Pavilion of the British Museum in detail -"The History of Women" 

"The History of Women" (detail)

Name: "The History of Women" 

Category: silk painting

Author: Gu Kaizhi

Status of the painting: The original painting of this painting has long been lost, and there are two copies of the existing "Women's History of Proverbs". One is hidden in the Palace Museum in Beijing and was copied by people in the Southern Song Dynasty; the other left China in 1900 and is now in the British Museum in London, England, and is said to have been copied by people in the Tang Dynasty.

"The History of Women" is a silk painting created by Gu Kaizhi of the Eastern Jin Dynasty in China. The original work can no longer be found. There is a copy from the Tang Dynasty. There are 12 original sections. Due to the age, only 9 sections remain. They were painted on silk and are now in the British Museum.

The works depict the deeds of female fans, such as the story of Feng Yuan in the Han Dynasty who shielded the bear and protected the Emperor Yuan of the Han Dynasty; there was the story of Ban Jieyu's refusal to accompany Emperor Cheng of the Han Dynasty to prevent Emperor Cheng from lusting for women's lust and mistaking the state affairs. The rest of the paragraphs describe the moral emotions that upper-class women should have, with a certain didactic nature.

Although the work contains the moral principles that women should abide by, the depiction of daily life such as dressing and dressing of upper-class women truly and vividly reproduces the delicacy and restraint of noble women, regardless of their posture, manners, and clothing. personality.

"The History of Women" has successfully shaped the images of court women of different identities, and to a certain extent reflects the life of women in the author's era.

There are a total of 9 paragraphs from "Feng Yuan blocks the bear" ("The History of Women" )to "Nv Shi Sizhen dares to sue Shu Ji".
Due to the lack of knowledge in the preservation of works in the United Kingdom in those days, and the poor preservation, it was cut into two parts, and there was a phenomenon of slag. The Palace Museum also has a copy of the Song Dynasty.

The first paragraph of the extant "The History of Women"  is a painting of Emperor Yuan of the Han Dynasty leading the palace people to watch the beasts in a circle, and the beauties of the harem are present. A black bear suddenly jumped out of the fence and approached the Emperor Yuan of the Han Dynasty. Feng Jieyu (Jieyu: This is not the name of the protagonist, but the rank given to the emperor's wife at that time) stood up to protect the master. In the picture, Feng Jieyu has a long and wide belt. Although she is slender, she is not afraid of the black bear who runs over, and her spirit of not being afraid of danger is outstanding. Although the two warriors held weapons, one shouted loudly while the other stabbed the black bear with force, their faces showed panic, which formed a sharp contrast with Feng Jieyu's standing upright, and more prominently showed Feng Jieyu The bravery and the panicked demeanor of the other court ladies. In this passage, Gu Kaizhi fully and vividly expresses the different images and personalities of the characters.

 

Gu Kaizhi's "The History of Women" , with the theme of daily life, is like a spring silkworm spinning silk, with both form and spirit. The gossamer drawing technique he adopted makes the picture elegant, quiet, yet bright and lively. The lines in the picture are tactful, even and graceful, and the characters' clothes and belts are flowing and vivid. The women's historians have long and elegant dresses with wide hem, and each style is matched with streamers of different shapes and bright colors, showing a fluttering, graceful and luxurious style.

 

The characters in the "The History of Women"  are like-minded, the details are subtle, the brushwork is fine and continuous, and the coloring is graceful and beautiful. The relationship between the landscape and the characters in the scroll is that people are bigger than the mountains, and the mountains and rocks are empty, reflecting the style of early landscape painting.

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